On May 3, 2020, a group of mercenaries attempted to enter Venezuela through the port city of La Guaira with stated intentions to capture de facto President Nicolás Maduro and transport him to the United States. The ambitious military raid failed immediately as Venezuelan security forces intercepted mercenaries at the border, leaving eight dead and at least 10 individuals
Kristen Martinez-Gugerli is the Venezuela Program Assistant at WOLA, where she conducts research, facilitates congressional outreach, and provides support for the Venezuela program. Her main areas of interest are conflict resolution and human rights for vulnerable populations. At WOLA, she actively works to advocate for humanitarian assistance to Venezuela, the development of a peaceful and democratic resolution, and the rights of Venezuelan migrants and refugees. Ms. Martinez-Gugerli graduated from the University of Pittsburgh in 2019 with a BPhil in International and Area Studies and Political Science and a certificate in Latin American Studies.
Posts by Kristen
Women are chronically underrepresented on Venezuela’s national political stage, both within Chavismo and the opposition. While women tend to be very politically active at the local level, comprising 72 percent of local community councils, they are often restricted to local and/or subordinate positions while men are appointed to senior offices.
While most of the 5 million Venezuelans who have left the country in recent years face serious challenges abroad, displaced women and girls are at a disproportionately high risk of violence and exploitation.
While Venezuela’s ongoing political and economic crisis has had a profound impact on the entire population, it has also exacerbated existing gender inequalities, with evidence increasingly suggesting that the burden of the country’s crisis has fallen disproportionately on Venezuela’s women and girls.As policymakers in Venezuela work to address the various elements of the crisis—humanitarian, economic, migratory—the particular needs of women have been largely overlooked.
As most countries across the hemisphere prioritize national responses to the COVID-19 pandemic, little attention has been paid to the needs of the world’s refugee and migrant populations. This is particularly true for the more than 5 million Venezuelans who have fled to neighboring countries since 2015, the majority of whom are without regular status in their host countries.
Please join WOLA and Tulane University’s Center for Inter-American Policy and Research for the second of a 2-part event series on the humanitarian and economic impact of U.S. sanctions on Venezuela. The event will be held at Tulane University, but …
While each country has its own unique domestic challenges to consider, participating countries will need to develop a mutually agreed-upon set of minimum standards for long-term access to basic services, labor markets, and regular status if they are to properly address the needs of fleeing Venezuelans in compliance with the obligations of the Cartagena Declaration.
In May, the Lawfare Institute hosted an online symposium in which experts on international law engaged questions surrounding the legality and efficacy of unilateral sanctions—that is, sanctions imposed by an individual state rather than the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) …
As the international community ramps up efforts to find a peaceful, diplomatic solution to Venezuela’s crisis, both Norwegian mediation efforts and the International Contact Group (ICG) have demonstrated a clear understanding of the pitfalls of previous negotiations efforts–and are navigating …